Using Cost-Effectiveness Analysis to Quantify the Value of Genomic-Based Diagnostic Tests: Recommendations for Practice and Research Spackman E, Hinde S, Bojke L, Payne K, Sculpher M AIMS: New sequencing technologies allow increased opportunities to use genomic-based diagnostic tests (genomic tests) in routine clinical practice, which will impact healthcare budgets and patients' outcomes. This article aims to generate a list of recommendations on how the principles and methods of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can be used to quantify the costs and benefits of genomic tests. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified publications describing the use of CEA to evaluate genomic tests. Data were extracted as key concepts to produce a thematic list of previously described challenges and solutions to using CEA to evaluate genomic tests. Defining features of evaluating genomic tests were categorized into a list of key recommendations for applying methods in practice and for research needs. RESULTS: Features producing challenges in the implementation of CEA to evaluate genomic tests were as follows: the ability of the tests to diagnose multiple disorders; potential consequences for future generations suggesting an infinite time horizon; and the potential need to consider nonhealth benefits. CONCLUSIONS: CEA was identified as an appropriate evaluative framework for genomic tests, although standard methods may need modification and important method research questions remain. Key recommendations suggest a need for research to reflect: sharing genomic information across generations; genomic tests for multiple disorders; and health and nonhealth benefits.

KEYWORDS: cost-effectiveness analysis; genomic testing; health economics; methods

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